To evaluate whether vitreous surgery is successful in closing full-thickness traumatic macular holes and whether there is subsequent improvement in visual acuity.
Twelve eyes from 12 consecutive patients with traumatic macular holes underwent vitrectomy, fluid-gas exchange and instillation of bovine or recombinant transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta-2. Three of four eyes underwent repeat vitrectomy with TGF-beta-2 after the initial procedure failed to close the macular hole.
Eleven (92%) of 12 eyes had closure of the macular hole. Follow-up ranged from 3 to 33 months. Visual acuity improved by 2 or more lines in 8 (67%) of 12 eyes. Six (50%) of 12 eyes improved to 20/40 or better. All 3 eyes that underwent reoperation had successful closure of the macular hole and achieved 2 or more lines of visual improvement.
Treatment of full-thickness traumatic macular holes with vitrectomy, fluid-gas exchange, and TGF-beta-2 may result in successful anatomic closure and visual improvement.