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Vitrectomy, fluid-gas exchange and transforming growth factor–beta-2 for the treatment of traumatic macular holes.

AAOJournalAbstract

PURPOSE:

To evaluate whether vitreous surgery is successful in closing full-thickness traumatic macular holes and whether there is subsequent improvement in visual acuity.

METHODS:

Twelve eyes from 12 consecutive patients with traumatic macular holes underwent vitrectomy, fluid-gas exchange and instillation of bovine or recombinant transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta-2. Three of four eyes underwent repeat vitrectomy with TGF-beta-2 after the initial procedure failed to close the macular hole.

RESULTS:

Eleven (92%) of 12 eyes had closure of the macular hole. Follow-up ranged from 3 to 33 months. Visual acuity improved by 2 or more lines in 8 (67%) of 12 eyes. Six (50%) of 12 eyes improved to 20/40 or better. All 3 eyes that underwent reoperation had successful closure of the macular hole and achieved 2 or more lines of visual improvement.

CONCLUSION:

Treatment of full-thickness traumatic macular holes with vitrectomy, fluid-gas exchange, and TGF-beta-2 may result in successful anatomic closure and visual improvement.

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